embracing green, inclusive and social sustainability concerns
Traditionally technology upgrading of emerging economies has been framed within the catching up and economic growth perspective. A major new development is the changing nature of technology through the ongoing increasing application of artificial intelligence; the demise of the fossil-fuel-based growth regime; increasing concerns with equity and inclusiveness of technology. The new objective of catching up is not only economic growth as measured by GDP, but it includes sustainable development and green growth. These emerging issues and challenges for catching up economies are the core of the new research paradigm on technology upgrading. Is the shift to green growth of catching up economies an option or necessity? What does this shift entail for technology upgrading research and related policies? How to ensure that technology-driven ‘creative destruction’ entails structural change while avoiding exclusionary outcomes? The broader socioeconomic and political environment powerfully shapes technology capability accumulation. Thus the political economy of technology accumulation is inseparable from understanding different paths of technology upgrading. What are the implications for the technology upgrading research agenda?
Those are some of the questions we will be dealing with on February 25.