History and Prospects for Black Leaders in a Racialized State Department

Diverse Perspectives in International Affairs Series

Why are there diminishing returns at increasing levels of leadership on seemingly good-faith efforts to recruit a diverse public service? Data on African American Ambassadors from 1949 to 2020 presented as W.E.B. Du Bois-inspired data visualizations and a historical review of African Americans in the US State Department confirmed the State Department is a racialized organization.